Marsetyo, Poppi, D.P., Budisantoso, E., Dahlanuddin, Pamungkas, D., Priyanti, A.
Susmaritha, B. and Quigley, S.P.
Weaning and strategic feeding to increase growth of weaned Bali calves can increase small-holder farmer cash-flow. The maximum live weight gain of 6 to 12 month old male Bali cattle is approximately 0.65 kg/d, while live weight gain of calves fed diets of grasses and crop residues typically fed in villages were in the range of 0 to 0.2 kg/d. The use of tree legumes, either as the sole component of the diet or as supplements, resulted in live weight gains of approximately 0.4 kg/d. It was demonstrated that young growing Bali cattle could be fed a diet consisting predominately of tree legumes and would grow well over a period of 21 months. Feeding strategies to increase growth rates of weaned Bali calves from 0.2 kg/d up to 0.4 kg/d within village management systems were successfully established and demonstrated to small-holder farmers in 4 different regions of Indonesia. Early weaning coupled with the introduction of these feeding strategies will increase reproductive output and live weight gain of Bali cattle and cash-flow of small-holder farmers across eastern Indonesia.