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Barriers and opportunities for the use of forage tree legumes in smallholder cattle fattening systems in Eastern Indonesia

Debora Kana Hau, Tanda Panjaitan, Jacob Nulik, Dahlanuddin and Elske van de Fliert

Introduction
Forage tree legumes (FTL) have existed in the Eastern Indonesian landscape since colonial traders introduced several species in the late 1800s. A specific effort was made to establish leucaena (Leucaena leucoephala) and sesbania (Sesbania grandiflora) for use as forage for cattle fattening at Amarasi in East Nusa Tenggara Province and Central Lombok in West Nusa Tenggara, in the 1970s (Yuksel et al. 1999; Dahlanuddin et al. 2005). Its spread within these provinces as potential forage to intensify cattle fattening systems, however, has been slow if not stagnant. In preparation for intensified efforts to encourage farmers in East and West Nusa Tenggara to grow and use FTLs for cattle fattening, we asked the question why successful FTL feeding practices by some communities had not spread widely to adjacent areas within the provinces. A situation analysis study was conducted in 2011-12 in East and West Nusa Tenggara Provinces aimed at identifying the barriers and opportunities for FTL use in smallholder cattle fattening systems. This paper describes the methodology of this study, its main findings and the implications for follow-up expansion of FTL innovations.

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