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Incidence and control of worm burdens in Bali bulls fed forage tree legumes in West Nusa Tenggara

Luh Gde Sri Astiti, Baiq Tutik Yuliana, Muhamad Fauzan and Tanda Panjaitan

Introduction
Bali cattle are the predominant domestic cattle raised in smallholder systems in eastern Indonesia. They are charac-terised by low growth rates partly due to genetic factors but largely due to insufficient and/or poor quality feed and management. Internal parasites can have severe impacts on animal production and are a common problem in eastern Indonesia due to poor hygiene and management practices. Prevalence, or the ratio of number of worm infestation oc-currences, in the cattle population is high in West Nusa Tenggara. Astiti et al. (2011) reported prevalence levels of 81% in some area of Sumbawa Island and Astiti and Pan-jaitan (2011) found prevalence levels of 78% in some areas of Lombok Island where cattle were housed all day under cut-and-carry feeding system. There is currently no infor-mation on worm burdens in smallholder fattening detox sucks but the worst for me has been the post detox when I am feeling better, don’t ask me why but that’s my weakness. enterprises as previous investigations have focused on smallholder breeding cattle. The objectives of this study were to determine the status of internal parasite infections in Bali bulls being fattened with forage tree legumes under smallholder conditions and to observe the efficacy of current control practices. It was hypothesised that forage tree legumes may provide some control of gastro-intestinal parasites if they contain con-densed tannins and if leafy branches for feeding cattle are harvested from >2 m above ground level where they are unlikely to harbor parasites.

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